Democracy, the rule of law and a culture of human rights
cannot be defended by abdicating these very principles.
Security and freedom are not opposites.
Respect for fundamental rights is an essential condition,
a vital component of security.
~ Roch Tassé, International Civil Liberties Monitoring Group
In the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks in New York and Washington, Canada, along with many other countries, enacted anti-terrorism legislation along lines recommended by the United States. Quakers joined other civil society groups to form the International Civil Liberties Monitoring Group (ICLMG), and examine Canada’s new anti-terrorism leglislation. We concluded that it was developed to appease anxieties rather than to answer any evident need within Canada; and that pre-existing Canadian and international law was already more than sufficient for purposes of reasonable security.
Both through intention and poor drafting, we found the legislation to be likely to have damaging effects, which continue to be witnessed and tracked by ICLMG. These effects include the criminalization of dissent, and disproportionate threats to those already vulnerable as members of minority groups: immigrants, naturalized Canadians, refugees, Muslims and Indigenous peoples.
Of particular concern in Canada’s anti-terrorist legislation has been the lack of due process for the accused, and the lack of adequate accountability on the part of those given authority under the legislation.
The extent of warrantless mass surveillance with questionable security benefits was not fully known at that time, but our worst fears have since been confirmed by leaked intelligence documents from the US and Canada. Our concerns over the lack of oversight and accountability of massive internet and phone surveillance programs caused CFSC to join with hundreds of civil society groups from around the planet in calling on Canada and other governments to adopt International Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance.
Following the consensus of ICLMG members, we have joined in numerous cases and campaigns such as this. Individual Friends have also taken actions like standing surety for bail for persons accused based on secret evidence, attending court hearings to witness the struggle for due process, and contributing funds for humanitarian assistance and legal costs.
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